When the Apostle Paul shared “you have received a spirit of adoption” (Romans 8:14–16), he had nothing in mind like we use the term today. He was using language that applies to everyone.

John MacArthur did a great study on this word, and made a number of points of which I will share.

First, adoption in Paul’s day was not about orphans. It was in fact somewhat common for parents to abandon children on the streets of Rome. Also, adoption in the 1st century was not about age, both children and adults were adopted.

Adoption was something done intentionally when…

Tobin Crenshaw

TOBIN CRENSHAW is a strategic interventionist and graduate of Robbins-Madanes Training. A former Marine, he completed graduate studies in theology.

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